For licensing reasons, Linux comes with specific fonts. Some of these may be unfamiliar to the regular Microsoft user, who may also note that some of the usual Windows fonts are missing.
This may become apparent for example, while viewing a website which specifies a popular font such as verdana, but which appears with a different type face when accessed from a Linux-based workstation. This happens because the verdana font is not installed on the Linux system.
Font installation is easily achieved by copying the required font from another operating system or downloading the font from the web.
To grab the font from an MS Windows system, go to the C:\Windows\Fonts directory and drag the font in a copy manoeuvre (press CTRL while dragging) onto a USB drive (screenshot). Note that a right-click copy/paste does not work on font files in this directory - be careful not to perform a move instead of a copy, or the fonts will be unavailable in Windows.
Shove the USB drive into the Linux system, locate the font file and double click on it to view the font. Then click on the install button (which simply turns grey afterwards) and finally close all windows (screenshot).
Applications such as web browsers and word processors (via the operating system) can now display material using that font face.